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Licensing Policy

The Word of God is a free gift to everyone. But research and development are expensive. The Novum Testamentum Graece (Nestle-Aland) is the result of the careful work by many scholars. Its text is not identical with any extant manuscript. This is why the work is protected by copyright. This applies not only to the base text (also called the ‘initial text’) but also to all other parts of the edition such as the textual apparatus.

The royalties generated from the Novum Testamentum Graece (Nestle-Aland) are used for further research on the Bible text and for undertaking other key Bible Society work (see “About the German Bible Society” and “About the United Bible Societies”). Bible Societies do not make a profit from selling and licensing biblical texts. They are committed to their mission of translating, producing and distributing the Bible and there are no owners or shareholders to satisfy.

You may use the text of the Novum Testamentum Graece as base for own translations of the New Testament. If you publish these translations, you should include the following reference:
Translation based on: Novum Testamentum Graece, 28th revised edition, Edited by Barbara Aland and others, © 2012 Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Stuttgart.
Information about how to obtain rights for the other uses of the Novum Testamentum Graece and further editions of the German Bible Society can be found here: